Getting your criminal background check for your first visa or for your student visa extension, can seem confusing. Hopefully the following information will help you make the process a little simpler.
There are two ways to complete the criminal background check requirement while getting your Spanish student visa:
- Get a state background check
- Get a federal background check
I have gone through both background check processes (for two visas at different times), so I will explain each one:
Getting a State Background Check
The state background check is considered easier and faster than the FBI background check. This is because it is done at the state level and if you live in a main city, you might have it easier!
**NOTE: Make sure to get this check done for every state that you have lived in for the last five years.
The Department of State of each state should have a list of certified background check centers. Take a look at your own state’s site, or Google “Live Scan Fingerprinting”.
The background check is done by fingerprints, which can be taken at your local police station or at specialized centers with a Live Scan certification. Be sure to do your own research on where to get your fingerprints taken as well as their pricing, hours, and if you need an appointment.
- You will arrive and fill out a fingerprint scan form (maybe you have to fill this out beforehand — check with your fingerprinting center)
- Then you will have to wait a few weeks to get your results in the mail
After receiving your background check
You will have to get it apostilled by your Department of State. This apostille is another paper that is put together with your criminal report and basically certifies that it is legitimate.
Depending on your state, you might have one or more offices that can handle this apostille. (For example, in California, there are two: in Sacramento and Los Angeles.)
The offices near you might allow you to just walk-in and get the apostille (like the California offices), or they might require an appointment — make sure to double-check. In the case that you are not close to one of the offices, you can mail your background report in and have them return it to you by post.
Each step takes time. The fingerprinting can be done quickly, but the report could take weeks to arrive. The apostille can also take time if sent through mail, but if you are lucky to live close to the office, try your luck and walk it in!
Getting a Federal Background Check
The FBI background check takes longer to process but look below for information on speeding up the process. This check serves the purpose of seeing your criminal record from on the federal level and has a different apostille.
The apostille in this case has to be done with the U.S. Department of State in Washington, D.C. You can either present yourself in person (if you live nearby) or you can mail the background check in and wait for the apostille to arrive.
If sending by mail, you will need the following:
- DS-4194 Form
- Your background check
- A self-addressed prepaid envelope (NOT FEDEX)
- A money order of $8 per document (Payable to: U.S. Department of State)
It will take about two weeks to get your letter back in the mail, apostilled and ready to go.
Getting FBI Clearance While Abroad
I had to get my FBI background check while abroad, so I will just quickly describe my own experience:
- Made an appointment with the U.S. Embassy and paid $50 for a letter allowing the Spanish police to fingerprint me
- Got my fingerprints taken at a Spanish police station
- Sent these fingerprints by mail to the FBI-Approved Channeler (read below)
- Waited for the background report to arrive to my house in California (as Channelers can’t send reports abroad)
- Had my mom send the background report to the U.S. Department of State in Washington, D.C.
- Waited for mom to receive the apostille in the mail
- Had mom mail the documents to me in Spain
It’s more complicated as you need someone in the middle helping you out, but it’s pretty good that you can have the whole process done while away!
Short on Time?
Although it is not possible to officially expedite your paperwork, you can pay a company to help. They are called FBI-Approved Channelers — which handle the step between your fingerprints and your background report. I believe the state level might have companies that provide an apostille service to help shorten that time, but I have never used them, so feel free to Google that if needed.
The FBI provides a handy list of certified companies that are allowed to handle background check requests.
You pay them a fee between $30 and $70 and they shorten the time to get your report from the FBI BY WEEKS.
While applying for my student visa extension in Spain, I used National Credit Reporting, and got my report within a week. They are my lifesaver!
It is important to translate both the background report and the apostille in both scenarios. This applies to those applying from a consulate in the States, as well as when applying from Spain.
From the States
Make sure to do a Google search to find a certified translator near you. You could also do it online, but make sure it is a reputable company that will provide a certified translator stamp and signature on the document.
Make sure to get it translated by a traductor jurado (a certified translator)
In Barcelona, I got my FBI documents translated as an emergency 24-hour job with Hisparos Translations.
I hope this information has helped you with your situation. Please let me know if there is any clarification needed.
Have you gone through a similar process or deal with things differently? Post your own situation below so people can see how everyone else has gone through the process. Thank you!
You can also look through the Study Abroad archives.